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Dynamic Range & Stops

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  1. I'm an absolute beginner and mostly shoot landscape because I have no willing subjects. while shooting in RAW, I've recently been using lightroom for my post processing. I have found that it is usually best to expose for the sky, maybe a 1/2 stop over, depending on the conditions.
    This will make the overall exposure of the foreground lower. In lightroom I then take down the highlights and bring up the shadows. Push the whites just before clipping and bring down the blacks to have a it clip a bit, but not much.
    I have found that this greatly improves the dynamic range.

    Again, I use this only for landscape. I have no idea how this works with portraits.

  2. is there a way to configure how the camera is calculating the jpeg out of the raw sensor data ? sure, i can shoot raw and the squeeze the full 12 stop dynamic range into an 8-bit jpeg, but why can't the camera do the same thing ? i am aware of the disadvantages of this, but is there any camera out there that gives me a little control (like a lightweight 'lightroom') without the need to carry around a laptop ?
    What i would love to have is a camera that can do the following:

    – take a (raw) picture
    – let me adjust the dynamic range on the camera display
    – upload the generated jpeg to the web

  3. Hey. I'm getting into video/photography in order to make some videos regarding the foster care system in the US in order to help a non profit with some fundraising. I am starting from zero knowledge. Currently looking at Ursa 4k vs. 4.6K and the reviews/differences are for people with more experience than myself.

    THEN…I saw your video. I was just thinking, I need a tutor. Somebody that is a good teacher. I think you are a good teacher. Just wanted to thank you for making this great video and spending the time to envelop your viewer (that's I). You are/seem to be a natural teacher, which is a gift. So thanks for teaching/helping me and keep on truckin'.

    You seem wiser and more patient and more understanding than the other children in the sand box.


  4. perhaps this explains some dissatisfaction with my d810. You sat to shoot to the right, meaning overexposing, right? I frequently underexpose to freeze sports because of poor high school lighting. So i dont like the results of little detail and a ton of noise etc. I shoot by shutter speed first, then run the iso up depending on whether i have a 2.8 70-200 or f 4.5-5.6 100-400 on my 7d. In video there is a flat option, is that available for stills? You mention range limitation of jpeg preview even if the raw has 50% or so more range. Can you force Lightroom etc. to use the RAW it self as preview to see the real range and image?

  5. Perfect. I admit, that being basically self taught, I often ignore the histogram while shooting. Tips on how to use the histogram to my advantage while shooting are very helpful. Thank you!

  6. I shot an entire portrait session with my friend in raw but underexposed so I could shoot at 1/60 and with f 3,5 and ISO 100 (to reduce noise) with okay indoor lighting, thinking I could recover everything in lightroom and have less noise. I was wondering why on earth the noise was so bad when I edited the pictures. And here I found my answer. Next time I will shoot to the right. But will I have less noise when I shoot with higher ISO versus the way I did it before?

  7. Thanks Guys from Australia. That was so well explained in a visual way that after seeing so many other videos on this subject I can now say that I actually understand Dynamic Range and how to deal with it.
    Thanks again

  8. I love these videos! Every time someone comments on a photo of mine and says " cool photo how'd you do that?" I say " buy this book SDP and go look up Tony Northrup on YouTube."

  9. Sir I have a question…please answer this—
    Does this phenomenon get better(at least to some extent) in high end APS-c cameras? Do they have more stops for more flexibility??

  10. Great info thank you. I would be VERY interested in a video like this about filming sunsets. I'd really like to be able to do it without overlaying multiple images. I'm shooting on a 5DII..

  11. how can you tell a camera's dynamic range? Is a good rule of thumb, the bigger the sensor size the higher the dynamic range? How do you adjust it manually in your camera like you explain in your video?

    Also is this dynamic range compensated for if you shot it as a RAW file and adjusted the highlights and shadows in an editing program to get those details back, thus making the dynamic range of the camera build not matter that much anymore?

  12. Can anyone explain the concept of shooting to the right? He'a shifting the histagram to the left and filling in the data on the left side of the spectrum, yet it's called shooting to the right? I'm a noob please be nice 🙂

  13. I hate how everyone hates on jpegs. You can do a huge amount of improvements to the highlights and especially shadows of a JPEG. Just under expose it a little.

  14. I watched this video months ago and didn't really understand it, but now, after some practice and becoming more familiar with basic photography theories and skills, I find this video is so informative and helpful. You solve multiple questions that I've been confused about for years. Thank you so much! You are doing such a great job!

  15. Even with Sony sensor, underexpose the image, but to recover shadow, it still will introduce noise, I know Sony sensor can capture shadow better but I hate shadow noise and thats the real problem. When you recover RAW underexposed, the noise comes back and you have to correct noise to loosen the details, thats another downside. Exposure to the right might be better choice if you want to prevent noise, only expose to the right a bit, not to the extreme so it can allow you recover highlight later on. I know this is a very common problem across any cameras.

  16. I read a book about HDR photography some time ago where the author said that you should take a shot 2/3 stop below darkest exposure an 2/3 stop above the brightest exposure. I would be interested in your comments. By the way, never in all the books I have read has a photographer been able to describe something so clearly without making it sound as though you need a degree in science. Thanks Tony

  17. The information, and presentation of this tutorial in real time is super classy. This is immensely helpful to see how changing information, what it did to the image in real time.

  18. Found this video from a link you dropped in on your older video on Histogram on someone asking about shooting to the right for on Histogram for exposure. This was all very interesting to me and great explanation video.

  19. Tony, I am trying to get the most out of my X5 on my Inspire 1 Pro and I just can not seem to grasp the "f" settings both the manual side, on the camera, and the controller side. Also what exactly is the best way to use them and for what shots do you recommend the settings to be set at (golden hour, water, cloudy, sunny, ect.) Please help.

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